World’s First Architect / Engineer Imhotep

World’s First Architect / Engineer Imhotep

Imhotep was born in Ancient Kemet, the ancient name of Egypt, during the III Dynasty, around 2650 BC. He is known as the first engineer, architect and doctor written in history. He is considered a versatile genius with titles such as philosopher, poet, wise person, clerk, astrologer, chief vizier of the pharaoh, ruler of the great palace, top priest of the sun god Ra, chief builder, chief sculptor.

Imhotep is thought to have lived during the reign of the four Egyptian Pharaohs. In an article on the statue of the Pharaoh, Imhotep is mentioned with the expressions of the Pharaoh’s chief vizier, the ruler of the great house, and the highest cleric of Heliopolis.

According to some historians, Imhotep was born in Ankhtowe, near Memphis, and in Gebelein village, south of Ancient Thebes, according to some. Imhotep’s father, Kanofer, is a builder. His mother is Khreduonkh from the state of Mendes. His wife’s name was Ronfrenofert. Imhotep’s name means “Coming with peace”. With the advantage of being born into a noble family (not a dynasty), personal intelligence, natural talents, and dedication to work, he soon sparkled and rose in Ancient Egypt.



Although he has many sculptures and wall reliefs, little is known about the details of his personal life. In some, it is shown as an ordinary person in plain clothes, while in others it is interpreted as a wise person sitting on a chair with papyrus scrolls on his knees and under the armpits.

In the sculptures made later, he was shown standing, with a beard like a god and carrying an ankh and a scepter. Ankh is an Ancient Egyptian symbol consisting of a small circle seated on the letter “T”. In hierorglyphic writing the ankh represents life. The circle represents the woman and T represents the man. The union of men and women also constitutes life. The Ankh’s circle is believed to be held by the gods. Egyptian priests usually carried an ankh in their hands when blessing or mummifying citizens.

Ankh is also known as the original cross. Despite its formal resemblance to the Christian cross, the ankh represents life, the cross represents death. However, Christianity has a great deal of intake from Egyptian religious rituals. Ankh can also be one of them.

There are five stories in the Westcar Papyri, written in ancient Egypt around 1700 BC, in which the miracles of clergymen and magicians are told. Those who tell these stories, which are very important articles for the development of world literature, are the sons of Pharaoh Cheops during the Fourth dynasty. Cheops is the pharaoh who built the great pyramid at Giza. Although the place where his name was written was destroyed, it is believed that the miracles described in the first story belong to Imhotep.


According to the sources, Djoser ruled for 19 years. During his period, he carried out construction activities in Heliopolis and Gebelein thanks to the chief vizier engineer Imhotep, but his most important work is the Stepped Pyramid. Djoser expanded the kingdom’s lands south of Aswan. He mined minerals such as turquoise and copper in the Sinai peninsula.

During the Old Kingdom period when the state bureaucracy developed, Egypt was a very rich and powerful state. Since the pharaoh was believed to be the recarnation of the god Horus (Horus remained the special protector of kings throughout all Egyptian history, he was depicted as a hawk), impressive structures such as pyramids were built. The stepped pyramid was built during the third dynasty, and the pyramids at Giza and Sphinx in the fourth dynasty. During the fifth dynasty, burials began to be placed in religious articles to aid life after death. These are the oldest known religious articles. During the sixth dynasty, with the weakening of the central Pharaoh’s authority, the leaders and religious officials that emerged from among the people became stronger. This orientation eventually led the country to collapse.